Publications L. Blaustein


Biological Interactions in Rice Fields:  A Community-Ecology Approach to Mosquito Control.  In English.  Ecology Program, University of California at Davis, 424 pages, 4/88. Major Prof.:  Richard Karban; Other Committee members:  Profs. Thomas Schoener, Catherine Toft, Peter Moyle.


1. Blaustein, L. and Schwartz, S.S. (editors) 2001.  Ecology of Temporary Pools. Special expanded issue of the Israel Journal of Zoology. Laser Pages, Jerusalem.  220 pages  Edited Compendia

2. Blaustein, L., Kotler, B.P., and Brown, J.S. (editors) 2004. Risk of Predation: Prey and Predator Responses.  Special expanded issue of Israel Journal of Zoology. Laser Pages, Jerusalem. 169 pages. Edited Compendia


1.  Blaustein, L. 1989.  Factors affecting the efficiency of minnow traps to sample populations of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) and green sunfish (Lepomis cyanellus).  Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association 5:29-35.

2.  Blaustein, L. 1989.  Spatial distributions of Anopheles freeborni, Gambusia affinis and Lepomis cyanellus in experimental rice fields. Journal of the AmericanMosquito Control Association 5:254-257.

3.  Blaustein, L. 1990.  Evidence for predatory flatworms as organizers of zooplankton and mosquito community structure in rice fields.  Hydrobiologia 199:179-191

4.  Blaustein, L. and R. Karban.  1990.  Indirect effects of the mosquitofish, Gambusia affinis, on the mosquito, Culex tarsalis.  Limnology and Oceanography 35:767-771.

5.  Blaustein, L. and H. Dumont.  1990.  Typhloplanid flatworms:  Mechanisms of predation and evidence that they structure aquatic invertebrate communities. Hydrobiologia 198: 61-77

6.  Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1991.  Indirect effects of the fairy shrimp, Branchipus schaefferi and two ostracod species on Bacillus thuringiensis israelensis-induced mortality to mosquitoes.  Hydrobiologia 212:67-76

7. Blaustein, L.  1991. Duel in the sun:  A mosquito and tadpole compete strongly in temporary pools of the Negev Desert. Invited paper for Natural History 7:38-40.

8. Blaustein, L.  1992. Larvivorous fishes fail to control mosquitoes in experimental plots. Hydrobiologia 232:219-232

9.  Kotler, B.P., L. Blaustein and J.S. Brown.  1992. Predator facilitation:  The combined effects of two different predators on foraging in gerbils.  Ann. Zool. Fennici. 29:199-206

10.  Blaustein, L. and B.P.  Kotler. 1993. Oviposition habitat selection by Culiseta longiareolata:  effects of immature conspecifics, tadpoles and food levels.  Ecological Entomology, 18:104-108

11.  Kotler, B. P., L. Blaustein and H. Dednam.  1993. The specter of predation:  influence of vipers on the foraging behavior of two desert gerbils.  Israel Journal of Zoology 39:11-21

12.  Blaustein, L. and R. Byard.  1993.  Predation by Aphanius mento on Culex pipiens: The effect of alternative prey and vegetation.  Journal of the American Mosquito Control Association. 9:356-358.

13.  Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1994. Differential prey vulnerability of various mosquito species to the cyclopoid copepod, Acanthocyclops viridis.  Israel Journal of Zoology 40:55-60

14.  Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1994. Mosquito larvae (Culiseta longiareolata) compete with and prey upon toad (Bufo viridis) immatures.  Journal of Animal Ecology 63:841-850.

15.  Blaustein, L. 1994.  Mosquitoes, malaria and the Hula wetlands: Will reflooding bring back old problems?  Ecology and Environment 4:231-238.

16.  Ward, D. and L. Blaustein. 1994.  The overriding influence of flash floods on species:area curves in ephemeral Negev desert pools: a consideration of the value of island biogeography theory. Journal of Biogeography 21:595-603

17.  Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit. 1995.  Spatial distributions of Culiseta longiareolata and Bufo viridis within and among desert pools.  Journal of Arid Environments 29:199-211.

18.  Blaustein, L., B. P. Kotler and D. Ward.  1995. Direct and indirect effects of a predatory backswimmer (Notonecta maculata) on community structure of desert temporary pools.  Ecological Entomology 20:311-318

19.  Kotler, B. P. and L. Blaustein.  1995.  Titrating food and safety in a heterogeneous environment:  When are the risky and safe patches of equal value?  Oikos 74:251-258

20.  Blaustein, L. and J. Margalit.  1996. Priority effects in temporary pools:  Nature and outcome of mosquito larva-toad tadpole interactions depend on order of entrance.  Journal of Animal Ecology 65:77-84.

21.  Blaustein, L., J. Friedman, and T. Fahima.  1996. Larval Salamandra drive temporary pool community dynamics: evidence from an artificial pool experiment.  Oikos 76:392-402.

 22.  Blaustein, L., B.P. Kotler and E. Nevo.  1996. Biodiversity and microhabitat utilization of the rodent community along opposing slopes of Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel. Israel Journal of Zoology 42: 327-333

23. Blaustein, L. 1997. Nonconsumptive effects of larval Salamandra on its crustacean prey: can eggs detect predators?  Oecologia 110:212-217

24.  Couch, L, L. Blaustein, D.W. Duszinski, G. Shenbrot, and E. Nevo.  1997. A new coccidian from Acomys cahirinus Desmarest, 1819 from Lower Nahal Oren, Mount Carmel, Israel.  Journal of Parasitology 83:276-279

25.  Blaustein, L. and B.P. Kotler.  1997. Differential development rates of two color morphs of green toad (Bufo viridis) tadpoles. Israel Journal of Zoology 43:205-207

26.  Chikatunov, V., M. Lillig, T. Pavlicek, L. Blaustein and E. Nevo.  1997. Biodiversity and local differentiation of insects at "Evolution Canyon" microsite, Nahal Oren, Mt Carmel, Israel.  I.  Tenebrionidae.  Journal of Arid Environments 37:367-377

27.  Blaustein, L. 1998. Influence of the predatory backswimmer, Notonecta maculata, on pool community structure.  Ecological Entomology 23: (3) 246-252

28.  Spencer, M., L. Blaustein, S.S. Schwartz, and J.E. Cohen.  1999. Species richness and the proportion of predatory species in temporary pools:  relationships with habitat size and permanence.  Ecology Letters 2:157-166

29. Stav, G., L. Blaustein, J. Margalit.  1999. Experimental evidence for predation sensitive oviposition by a mosquito, Culiseta longiareolata.  Ecological Entomology 24:202-207

30. Blaustein, L., J. Garb, D. Shebitz and E. Nevo.  1999. Microclimate and community structure in temporary pools. Hydrobiologia 192: 187-196

31. Stav, G., L. Blaustein, and Y. Margalit.  2000.  Influence of nymphal Anax imperator (Odonata: Aeshnidae) on oviposition by the mosquito Culiseta longiareolata (Diptera:Culicidae).  Journal of Vector Ecology 25:190-202

32. Blaustein, L., and S.S. Schwartz. 2001.Why study ecology in temporary pools?  Israel Journal of Zoology 47:303-312

33. Spencer, M. and L. Blaustein. 2001.  Risk of predation and hatching of resting eggs in the ostracod Heterocypris incongruens.  Journal of Crustacean Biology 21: 575-581

34. Spencer, M. and L. Blaustein. 2001.  Hatching responses of temporary pool invertebrates in response to environmental signals.  Israel Journal of Zoology 47:397-418

35. Spencer, M., S.S. Schwartz and L. Blaustein. 2002. Are there fine-scale spatial patterns in community similarity among temporary freshwater pools?  Global Ecology and Biogeography 11:71-78

36. Spencer, M., L. Blaustein and J.E. Cohen. 2002. Oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes (Culiseta longiareolata) and consequences for population size. Ecology 83:669-679

37. Eitam, A., L. Blaustein.  2002. Non-invasive individual identification of larval Salamandra using tail-fin spot patterns.  Amphibia-Reptilia 23: 215-219

38. Martens, K., S.S. Schwartz, C. Meisch, and L. Blaustein.  2002. Non-marine Ostracoda (Crustacea) of Mount Carmel (Israel), with taxonomic notes on the Eucypridinae and circum-Mediterranean Heterocypris. Israel Journal of Zoology 48:53-70

39. Eitam, A., L. Blaustein, M. Mangel. 2002.  Effects of Anisops sardea (Hemiptera: Notonectidae) on oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes and other dipterans and community structure in artificial pools.  Hydrobiologia 485: 183-189

40. Eitam, A., Pavlicek, T., Blaustein, L. and Nevo, E. 2002. Effects of inter- and intra-slope contrasts at ‘Evolution Canyon', Israel, on a gall aphid and its natural enemies.  Journal of Mediterranean Ecology 4:47-52

41. Kiflawi, M., Blaustein, L., and M. Mangel. 2003. Predation-dependent oviposition habitat selection by the mosquito Culiseta longiareolata:  a test of competing hypotheses.  Ecology Letters 6:35-40

42. Kiflawi, M., Blaustein, L., and Mangel, M.  2003. Oviposition habitat selection in a mosquito, Culiseta longiareolata in response to risk of predation and conspecific density. Ecological Entomology 28:168-173

43. Kiflawi, M., Eitam, A., and Blaustein, L.  2003. The relative impact of local and regional processes on macro-invertebrate species richness in temporary ponds. Journal of Animal Ecology 72: 447-452

44. Blaustein, L., Kiflawi, M., Eitam, A., Mangel, M. and Cohen, J.E. 2004. Oviposition habitat selection in response to risk of predation:  Mode of detection consistency across experimental venue.  Oecologia 138: 300-305.

45. Eitam, A. Norena, C., and L. Blaustein.  2004. Microturbellarian species richness and community similarity among temporary pools: relationships with habitat properties.  Biodiversity and Conservation 13: 2107-2117

46. Eitam, A., L. Blaustein, K. Van Damme, H. J. Dumont & K. Martens. 2004. Crustacean species richness in temporary pools: relationships with habitat traits. Hydrobiologia 525:125-130

47. Eitam, A. and L. Blaustein. 2004. Oviposition habitat selection by mosquitoes in response to predator (Notonecta maculata) density. Physiological Entomology 29: 188-191

48. Stav, G., Blaustein, L. and Margalit, Y. 2005. Individual and interactive effects of a predator (Anax imperator) and species sharing the same trophic level as mosquito larvae on mosquito populations. Ecological Applications 15:587-598

49. Silberbush, A., Blaustein, L. and Margalit, Y. 2005. Influence of salinity concentration on insect community structure: a mesocosm experiment in the Dead Sea Basin Region. Hydrobiologia 548:1-10

50. Blaustein, L., J. Blaustein and J. Chase. 2005. Chemical detection of the predator Notonecta irrorata by ovipositing Culex mosquitoes. Journal of Vector Ecology 30:299-301

51. Eitam, A., L. Blaustein and Marc Mangel. 2005. Density and intercohort priority effects on larval Salamandra salamandra in temporary pools.  Oecologia 146:36-42

52. Gallitano, S., L. Blaustein, and J. Vonesh.  2005.  First occurrence of Ochlerotatus japonicus in Missouri.  Journal of Vector Ecology 30:347-348

53. Larsen, E. and Blaustein, L. 2005. New backswimmer (Heteroptera: Notonectidae) records for Israel. Zoology in the Middle East 36:114-116.

54. Arav, D., and L. Blaustein. 2006. Effects of Pool Depth and Risk of Predation on Oviposition Habitat Selection by Temporary Pool Dipterans.  Journal of Medical Entomology 43: 443-497

55. Blaustein, L. and Chase, J.M.  2007. The role of species sharing the same trophic level as mosquitoes on mosquito populations.  Annual Review of Entomology 52:489-507

56. Stav, G., Blaustein L., Kotler, B.P. 2007. Direct and indirect effects of dragonfly (Anax imperator) nymphs on green toad (Bufo viridis) tadpoles. Hydrobiologia 579:85-93

57. Segev, O. and L. Blaustein. 2007. Priority effects of the early breeding fire salamander on the late breeding banded newt. Hydrobiologia 583: 275-28

58. Bar-David S, O. Segev, N. Peleg, N. Hill, A.R. Templeton, C. B. Schultz, L. Blaustein. 2007. Long distance movements by fire salamanders (Salamandra salamandra infraimmaculata) and implications for habitat fragmentation. Israel Journal of Ecology and Evolution 53:179-196.

59. Silberbush, A. and L. Blaustein. 2008. Oviposition habitat selection by a mosquito in response to a predator:  are predator-released kairomones air-borne cues? Journal of Vector Ecology 33:208-211

60. Noreña C., Eitam, A.  &  Blaustein, L. 2008. "Microturbellarian" flatworms from freshwater pools:  New species and records from Israel. Zootaxa 1705:1-20 

61. Segev, O., M. Mangel, and L. Blaustein.  2009. Deleterious effects of mosquitofish (Gambusia affinis) on fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) larvae. Animal Conservation 12: 29-37

62. Markman, S., Hill, N., Todrank, J, Heth, G. and L. Blaustein.  2009. Differential aggressiveness covaries with genetic similarity in fire salamander larvae.  Behavioral Ecology and Sociobiology 63:1149-1155

63. Sadeh, A., M. Mangel, L. Blaustein. 2009. Context-dependent reproductive habitat selection: the interactive roles of structural complexity and cannibalistic conspecifics. Ecology Letters 12:1158-1164

64. Segev, O., N. Hill, A.R. Templeton and L. Blaustein. 2010. Population size, structure and phenology of an endangered salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata, at temporary and permanent breeding sites.  Journal for Nature Conservation 18:189-195

65. Pearlson, O., L. Blaustein, S. Snir, D. Goldberg, G. Degani. 2010. Molecular Variation in Triturus vittatus vittatus (Urodela) from Breeding Sites Near the Southern Extremity of its Distribution Revealed by DNA Sequencing of Mitochondrial Cytochrome b Gene and Control Region. Current Herpetology 29:11-122

66. Stav, G., B.P. Kotler and L. Blaustein. 2010. Foraging response to risks of predation and competition in temporary pools. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56:9-20

67. Silberbush, A., S. Markman, E. Lewinsohn, E. Bar, J.E. Cohen, L. Blaustein. 2010. Mosquitoes use hydrocarbons to detect larval predators when selecting an oviposition site. Ecology Letters 13: 1129-1138

68. Eitam, A. and L. Blaustein. 2010. Effects of predator density and duration on crustacean abundance and diversity in experimental pools.  Hydrobiologia 652: 269-276

69. Sadeh, A., N. Truskanov, M. Mangel, L. Blaustein. 2011. Larval responses to desiccated conspecifics: compensatory development and costs of plasticity. PLoS One 6(1). e15602. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0015602

70. Segev, O., M. Mangel, N. Wolf, A. Sadeh, Arik Kershenbaum, Leon Blaustein.  2011. Spatio-temporal reproductive strategies in the fire salamander: a model and empirical test. Behavioral Ecology 22:670-678

71. Silberbush, A. and Blaustein, L. 2011. Mosquito females quantify risk of predation to their progeny when selecting an oviposition site.  Functional Ecology 25:1091-1095

72. Kershenbaum, A., Kershenbaum, A., Blaustein, L. 2011. Rock hyrax (Procavia capensis) den site selection: preference for artificial sites. Wildlife Research 38: 244-248

73. Vonesh, J. and L. Blaustein. 2010. Predator-induced shifts in mosquito oviposition site selection: a meta-analysis and implications for vector control.   Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution. 56:123-139

74. Kershenbaum, A., L. Stone, B.P. Kotler, L. Blaustein. 2010. Predation risk can drive cycles in zoonotic disease prevalence. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56:281-295

75. Blaustein, L., Ostfeld, R, Holt, RD. 2010. A community-ecology framework for understanding vector and vector-borne disease dynamics. Israel Journal of Ecology & Evolution 56:251-262

76. Warburg, A. Faiman, R., Shtern, A., Silberbush, A., Markman, S., Cohen, JE, Blaustein, L.  2011. Oviposition habitat selection by Anopheles gambiae in response to chemical cues by Notonecta maculata.  Journal Vector Ecology 36(2):421-425

77. Kershenbaum, A., L. Stone, R.S. Ostfeld and L. Blaustein. 2012. Modelling transmission of vector-borne pathogens shows complex dynamics when vector feeding sites are limited. PLoS ONE 7(5):e36730

78. Kershenbaum, A., A. Ilany, L. Blaustein and E. Geffen. 2012. Syntactic structure and geographical dialects in the songs of male rock hyraxes. Proc. R. Soc. B 279:2974-2981

79. Blank, L. and L. Blaustein. 2012. Using ecological niche modeling to predict the distributions of two endangered amphibian species in aquatic breeding sites. Hydrobiologia 693:157-167

80. Kershenbaum, A., M. Spencer, L. Blaustein and J.E. Cohen. 2012. Modelling evolutionarily stable strategies in oviposition site selection, with varying risks of predation and intraspecific competition. Evol. Ecol. 26:955-974

81. Tsurim, I., A. Silberbush, O. Ovadia, L. Blaustein and Y. Margalith. 2013. Inter-and intra-specific density-dependent effects on life history and development strategies of larval mosquitoes. PLOS one 8(3):e57875

82. Blank, L., I. Sinai, S. Bar-David, N. Peleg, O. Segev, A. Sadeh, N. Kopelman, A. Templeton, J. Merila and L. Blaustein. 2013. Genetic population structure of the endangered fire salamander (Salamandra infraimmaculata) at the southernmost extreme of its distribution. Animal Conserv. 16:412-421

83. Blank, L., A. Vasl, S. Levy, G. Grant, G. Kadas, A. Dafni and L. Blaustein. 2013. Directions in green roof research: a bibliometric study. Build. Environ. 66:23-28

84. Silberbush, A., I. Tsurim, Y. Margalith and L. Blaustein. 2014. Interactive effects of salinity and a predator on mosquito oviposition and larval performance. Oecologia 175(2):565-575

85. Kershenbaum, A., L. Blank, I. Sinai, J. Merilä, L. Blaustein and A.R. Templeton. 2014. Landscape influences on dispersal behavior: a theoretical model and empirical test using the fire salamander, Salamandra infraimmaculata. Oecologia 175(2):509-520


1. Blaustein, L. 1999.  Oviposition habitat selection in response to risk of predation: Consequences for populations and community structure.  In:  Evolutionary Processes and Theory:  Modern Perspectives.  Ed. by S. P. Wasser, Kluwer Academic Publishers. pp. 441-456.

2. Mitchell, W.A., Kotler, B.P., J.S. Brown, L. Blaustein, S. Dall.  2004.  Species diversity in relation to habitat structure, environmental variability and species interactions.  In:  Gosz, J., S. Pickett, M. Shachak, and A. Perevelotsky (eds), Drylands Biodiversity, Oxford Press.

3. Blaustein, L. and M. Spencer.  2005. Sampling Aquatic Insects.  In:  Insect Sampling in Forest Ecosystems:  Methods in Ecology Series.   Leather, S. (ed). Blackwell Science. pp. 186-220.

4. Blaustein, L. and D.W. Whitman.  2009. Behavioral Plasticity in response to risk of predation:  Oviposition habitat selection by a mosquito.  In: Whitman D. & TN Ananthakrishnan (ed) Phenotypic Plasticity in Insects: Mechanisms and Consequences. Science Pub Inc. pp. 263-280.

5. Whitman, D.W. and L. Blaustein.  2009. Natural Enemy-Induced Plasticity in Plants and Animals. In: Whitman D. (ed) Phenotypic Plasticity in Insects: Mechanisms and Consequences. Science Pub Inc. pp. 177-261


1.  Blaustein, L., N. Engert, E. Steiner, E. Nevo, and M.R. Warburg.  1996. Israel's endangered urodele species:  Preliminary studies on their distribution across Mount Carmel and their influences on community structure of temporary pools.  Proc.  Isr. Soc. Ecol. Environ. Qual. 6:514-516.

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