Born: December 1, 1937, Kiev, Ukraine.
Aliyah: April 12, 2001
Marital Status: Married, with daughter Katherine, 1971.
Citizenship and ID: Israeli
Palaeontology, Structural geology, Ecology, Climatology, Global Environmental Change, Biodiversity, Evolution.
Bachelor, MSc.: Kharkov State University, Kharkov, Ukraine, 1955 - 1960.
PhD (Candidate of Sciences) in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy
Thesis: Early Cretaceous Flora of Primorye (Far East) and Stratigraphic Applications. Institute of Geology, Acad. Sci. USSR, Moscow, 1965.
DSc (Doctor of Sciences) in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy.
Thesis: Palaeoecology of Terrestrial Plants and Stratigraphy of Continental Deposits. Institute of Geology and Geophysics, Acad.Sci. USSR, Siberian Branch, Novosibirsk 1973.
Professor in Palaeontology and Stratigraphy (the highest professional degree in the former USSR and Russia), Higher Attesting Commission, 1983.
Full Member of the Russian Academy of Natural Sciences, elected 1991.
Awards for Scientific Achievements:
Medal of International Organization of Palaeobotany (IOP) for Achievements in Palaeobotany and Ecology, 1993.
Hans Rausing Award for Outstanding Publications in Palaeontolgy - for the Monograph "Angiosperm Origins: Morphological and Ecological Aspects" Pensoft, Sophia, 1997
1961 - 1971: Researcher in the Institute of Geology, Far-Eastern Branch, Acad. Sci. USSR, Vladivostok;
1971 - 1989: Head of Palaeobotany Lab., Head of Evolutionary Dep., Institute of Biology and Pedology, Far-Eastern Branch, Acad. Sci. USSR, Vladivostok.
1989 - 1994: Director of All-Union Institute of Nature Conservation, Ministry of Ecology, Moscow.
1994 - present: Head of Palaeobotany Dep., Palaeontological Institute, Russian Acad. Sci., Moscow.
Dec. 2001 - present: Professor, Head of Paleobotanical Laboratory of the Institute of Evolution, University of Haifa, Haifa.
Review of Palaeobotany and Palynology, Elsevier, 1980 - 1998.
Cretaceous Research, Elsevier, 1993.
Palaeontological Journal, Russian Acad. Sci., 1994 - present
Acta Palaeobotanica. Acad. Sci. Polon., 2000 - present
Courses in Palaeontology and Evolutionary Biology. Far-Eastern State University, Vladivostok, Russia, 1965 - 1980.
Lectures in Plant Morphology, Evolutionary Biology and Environmental Problems, Moscow State University, Moscow, Russia, 1991 - 2000.
Lectures in Palaeoecology and Global Environmental Change, University of Florida, Gainsville, U.S.A., 1996.
Lecturing Tour in Evolutionary Biology, Universities of Osaka, Kyoto and Tokyo, Japan, 1992.
Lectures on Ecosystem Evolution and Global Change, Haifa University, Israel, 2005.
Supervisor of 15 PhD students 4 DSc researchers in Palaeobotany, 1967 - 2001, MSc. and PhD students in Haifa University, Israel.
Supervision of PhD and MSc students in the University of Haifa, Israel, 2005 - present
- - Series of Monographs on Fossil Floras and Floristic Evolution in the Russian Far East, 1961 - 1990.
- - Discovery/first detailed systematic study of Fossil Plants in Siberia, Crimea, Kazakhstan, Mongolia, Mali, Israel, Lebanon, 1980 - present.
- - New Taxa: New Order of Heterosporous Plants Heroleandrales, 2000; New Order of Proangiospems Leptostrobales, 1975; Eoanthales, 2005; Dinophytales, 2005; New Family of Proangiosperms Dirhopalostachyaceae, 1975; 47 New Species of Fungi, Pteridophytes, Gymnosperms and Angiosperms (1965 - 2004).
- - Centres of plant diversity in Russia defined and analysed in relation to geological history and climates.
- - New model of Angiosperm Origins by Parallel/Reticulate Evolution, including (1) the Proangiosperm Concept, advanced and substantiated with palaeontological data; (2) the Arogenic Community Concept, of biotic communities showing exceptionally high evolution rates and their environmental enhancers, exemplified by the novel plant assemblages with diverse proangiosperms in the Early Cretaceous of Transbaikalia, and (3) the Concept of Multiple Origination Centers, with one such center for angiosperm origins in eastern Asia studied in detail.
- - New reconstruction of Seed Plant Phylogeny based on geochronological sequences and transitional forms, showing periodic bursts of radiation as well as parallel development.
- - Initiation of modern studies in Plant Palaeoecology by advancing the methods and formulating the basic principles (1972 - 1975) that received recognition and stimulated numerous studies worldwide.
- - Initiation of pollination palaeoecology and plant - insect co-evolution studies using a new method of electronic microscopy of pollen grains preserved in gut contents of fossil insects (the Permian to Cretaceous). An outcome of these studies is a Hypothesis of Parallel Evolution by Microbial Gene Transfere facilitated by the insect pollination vectors (1985 - 2001).
- - New concepts and analytical methods in Ecosystem Evolution, including a method of quantitative assessment of biomass fluctuations over time. Functional advancement of ecosystems over time is measured by an increase of the biomass to dead mass ratio that is directly correlated with biological diversity. A new approach to estimating standing crop diversity is worked out, using the present day species/area correlations. An original model of biospheric crises is construed on the basis of evolutionary developments over the critical boundaries (the Permian/Triassic, Cretaceous/Tertiary, Eocene/Oligocene) involving the mutually interdependent palaeomagnetic, tectonic, eustatic and climatic events, their concerted impact on the terrestrial and marine ecosystems.
- - Analytical approach to Developmental/Evolutionary Parallelism of Natural Ecosystems and Human Egosystems revealing General Regularities of Systemic Evolution.
- - First monographic study of a fossil floras of Israel, starting with the Late Cretaceous (Turonian) flora of Arava, southern Negev.
- - Discovery of Cretaceous mangrove vegetation in the Turonian of Arava, southern Negev.
- - First regional study of plant - insect interactions based on fossil egg sets, mines and galls from the Cretaceous of Makhtesh Ramon and Arava, southern Israel.