We study the web of interactions between cyanobacteria and their phages and eukaryotic grazers. We aim to answer questions such as: How does selection by phages or/and grazers affect the evolution of the cyanobacteria genomes? Does this selection take any part in shaping the size/structure of the cyanobacteria? What is the role of these different predators in enabling and/or restricting the cyanobacterial blooms? How can these predators survive seasons with low cyanobacteria abundance? What are the molecular mechanisms that confer resistance to the different predators and what is their role in this ecosystem? What part does lysogeny and lateral gene transfer take in these interactions?
Avrani S., E. Bolotin, S. Katz, and R. Hershberg. (2017). Rapid genetic adaptation during the first four months of survival under resource exhaustion. Mol Biol Evol 34 (7): 1758-1769.
Avrani S. and D. Lindell. (2015). Convergent evolution towards an improved growth rate and a reduced resistance range in Prochlorococcus strains resistant to phage. Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A 112: 2191– 2200.
Dekel-Bird N.P., S. Avrani, G. Sabehi, I. Pekarsky, M.F. Marston, S. Kirzner, and D. Lindell. (2013). Diversity and evolutionary relationships of T7-like podoviruses infecting marine cyanobacteria. Environ Microbiol 15(5): 1476-1491.
Avrani* S., D.A. Schwartz*, and D. Lindell. (2012). Virus-host swinging party in the oceans: Incorporating biological complexity into paradigms of antagonistic coexistence. Mob Genet Elements 2(2): 88-95. *equal contribution.
Avrani S., R. Ben-Shlomo and M. Inbar. (2012). Cryptic speciation along the fragmented Irano-Turanian distribution zone: Phylogeography of Pistacia atlantica and its galling aphids. Tree Gen Genomes 8(4): 811-820.
Avrani S., O. Wurtzel, I. Sharon, R. Sorek, and D. Lindell. (2011). Genomic island variability facilitates Prochlorococcus-virus coexistence. Nature 474: 604-608.
*This paper was highlighted in News and Views of this issue: Partensky F. & L. Garczarek. Arms race in a drop of sea water. Nature 474: 582-583