Biodiversity One of the major directions of IOE activity is the assessment of biodiversity at regional, local, and microscale levels. Careful inspection of biodiversity is a prerequisite for studies of ecological adaptations, conservation biology, and the utilization of genetic resources for various applications. The targeted organisms: bacteria, fungi, lower and higher plants, arthropods and vertebrates. The biodiversity studies of IOE include such research programs as “Evolution Canyons” and “Dead Sea fungal life”.
Ecology Ecological studies of the IOE research groups include community ecology of temporary water pools, plant-pollinator interactions, recovery of pollinator species after fires, influence of contrasting and extreme environmental conditions on structure of soil microfungal communities.
Researchers: Barinova S., Blaustein L., Dafni A., Grishkan I., Nevo E., Pavlicek T., Temina M.
Evolution A diverse spectrum of evolutionary questions is addressed in the research programs of the Institute: Evolutionary adaptation and speciation in underground mammal Spalax; sympatric differentiation along microgeographical ecological gradients; evolution of sex, recombination, and mutability; stress and transposable elements; evolutionary cytogenetics; evolution of domestication; behavioral aspects of evolution; molecular evolution; paleobotany, paleoecology, and community evolution; horizontal gene transfer; evolution in the protein space; evolution of the genetic code.
Genetics, Genomics, and Bioinformatics Population genetics of multilocus systems; genetics of complex traits; reverse genetics of plant disease resistance and yield quality (mapping, cloning, and sequencing of corresponding genes from wild emmer wheat); effect of ecological stress on genetic polymorphism; functional genomics for analyzing evolutionary adaptations; functional genomics of drought resistance in wild cereals; multiple genetic codes in DNA sequences; nucleosome organization; alignment-free sequence comparisons and heterogeneity of eukaryotic genomes; genome complexity scoring; algorithms for building consensus genetic maps; adaptive algorithms for contig assembly in physical mapping of complex genomes; algorithms for systems biology (transcriptomics, metabolomics, genenetworks) phylogenetic algorithms.
Researchers: Bolshoy A., Fahima T., Kirzhner V.M., Korol A.B., Krugman T., Trifonov E., Nevo E., Ronin Y.I., Mester D., Rashkovetsky E., Snir S